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The Project:

One Mustang directly off the range, One Trainer, Many Students, Communication through body language, Tools used only for safety, never to train.


The Goal:

To discover how far Equestrian Art can be developed solely using body language.


It Takes Time


I stood at Kypo’s shoulder, watching him pull dense strand after dense strand of vine out of the cacti to eat it with relish. Under his right front hoof was a sharp rock, and I watched him picking up and putting down his foot repeatedly. It was clearly uncomfortable, but he was so absorbed in his acquisition of tasty vines, the rock was just a small irritant, not painful enough to consider in the face of all that blissful vine eating.


On this Saturday in November I had set out to do a full day of passive leadership with one horse to see what happened. Ten hours together was my goal. Ten hours with no agenda other than to see what I could learn from him about passive leadership. Usually I have some sort of a goal with horses and while passive leadership is the basis from which I start, I quickly move forward to assertive leadership simply because it works and development of relationship is clear and beautiful.


What I wanted to know was, if I had more time and less agenda, could I do more with less?


Passive leadership is about proving my worth as a leader and earning trust with my partner simply by the choices I make about my own body in space around them.


Assertive leadership is about proving my worth as a leader and earning trust with my partner by causing them to move.


Dominant leadership (which is not the goal here) is about causing my partner to move and developing unpleasant consequences if they do not. (I personally include food rewards in this category, because I feel it is unpleasant for a horse when they know there is something they really want and the only way they can get it is to perform a task – the unpleasant consequence of not moving is subtle but quite clear.)


Here we were, halfway through the day of our training experiment and for the most part I had followed through with my idea of predominantly working in the area of Passive Leadership. Now there was this sharp rock under Kypo’s right front hoof, and he was too distracted by vine eating to do anything about it other than pick his foot up and put it down repeatedly.


As a passive leader there is nothing I can do about that, as an assertive leader I can help. So I gave up my passive leadership goal for a moment, rested my hand on his shoulder and nudged him over to his left a step so he could stand with all his hooves on flat ground. The instant relief Kypo felt was perceptible as yawning and licking and chewing with big deep sighs. The vine eating happily continued, and I returned to my lookout post.


A leader is someone who is willing to step in where no one else wants to, or thinks to. Leaders create trust in the partnership and they create this trust by proving again and again that they can make everyone’s lives better by stepping up and leading the way.


On this particular day in the upcountry pastures of Kula, Maui, I was in the middle of deep and profound experiential learning – learning that was more for me than for the horses, but powerful for all of us involved I believe.


In the first hour I found Kypo to be entitled, pushy and impatient, and I felt stretched emotionally by his company. This was going to be a long day.


The second hour Kypo led me out on a merry walk, just the two of us with no other horses in sight. I was surprised and intrigued. Was he that comfortable with only my company? Or would he have done that all by himself if I had not been there?


The third hour, Kypo walked by a boulder I was standing on and invited me to go for a ride, which surprised and intrigued me even more. That had not been in the plan for the day. I swung a leg over his back, scratched him all over under his mane, which he loved, and then got off and back to my passive leadership roll. He then took me over the hill to join his mother and two other horses sleeping under a tree.


The fourth hour we spent in a field strewn with boulders, so my lookout points around Kypo often involved standing up high. I was blown away by how many times he sauntered over and lined his back up underneath me to let me sit on him.


The fifth hour found us under a shady copse of trees with Kypo and his mother, Spirit, flat out on their sides deep asleep, Ebe lying down softly asleep and Coco and me standing watch.


The sixth hour I had to leave them and walk up to the house to charge my phone battery and get some water, which was actually a good opportunity for me to clear my head and think about everything that had happened so far.


The seventh hour found Kypo and me trekking up and down a rocky hillside, during which he gave me our longest ride yet. It wasn’t long, maybe five minutes, however I was doing my best to be passive and set us up for success so I was thrilled and elated I had gotten to ride as much as I did!


The eighth hour I held myself in check and simply scratched him all over when he would come over to stand under my current boulder perch. This day wasn’t about riding or how much I could get Kypo to do for me. This day was about sharing the day together and seeing how many different things we could do together passively enjoying each others company.


The ninth hour everyone headed back in the direction of the water troughs, and I followed along. First we walked, then we jogged, then they picked up speed to a canter and I tried to keep up, but I couldn’t. I settled to a walk and figured I would see them back at the water. I have to say, it was the sweetest surprise when I discovered them waiting for me around the next corner as if to say, “Come on slowpoke, what kept you?” They started off at a walk, then a jog, then a trot. I tried to keep up, but by the time we could see the water troughs, they were off at a gallop and I walked the last bit in.


The tenth hour with the whole herd reunited at the water, Kypo was determined that a new horse, Gems, was not to be tolerated in the group, and he was going to chase her off aggressively over and over. I decided it was time to put my passive leadership goals aside for a little while and step up to assertive to help smooth the group dynamic. I was quite blown away by how light and easy Kypo was to move. I chose a position near his shoulder and each time I would see his eyes wander over to the intruder, Gems, I would softly touch his chest and back him up a step, or touch his neck and move him over enough to redirect his attention to something less upsetting. I was amazed how easy he was with my redirection and how peaceful everyone in the herd became with my simple persistent help to one member.


As the sun set and the light started to fade, Kypo and I found ourselves next to an old fallen tree where I swung a leg over his back and let him carry me around for the last half hour.


All those troubling impressions from our morning were gone. This horse wasn’t entitled at all; if anyone was entitled, perhaps it was me. Kypo was in fact one of the most kind, generous and authentic horses I have had the pleasure of spending time with.


This is a day I will not forget and the things Kypo taught me were valuable beyond words.


I believe my biggest takeaway was that there is a time and a place for different kinds of leadership, and there are times to simply follow. If you give yourself time, you don’t need force; and if you don’t need to force things to happen, life gets increasingly more pleasant for everyone involved.


Here is to a good life!

Sending you all a gift of time from Maui,


Elsa Sinclair


  1. Here are the hourly update videos from the day of experimental training in passive leadership. If you are reading this blog by email, click on the title at the top and it will take you to the webpage where the videos are viewable.


Intro Video:


Hour One:


Hour Two:


Hour Three:


Hour Four:


Hour Five:


Hour Six:


Hour Seven:


Hour Eight:


Hour Nine:


Hour Ten:


    • Rebecca A. Karlson
    • Posted November 30, 2016 at 11:05 am
    • Permalink
    • Reply

    Thank you, Elsa. I wish you could have met my internally isolated, strongly anti-herd, and unleadable mustang. I wonder what would might have happened!

    Thank you for sharing your connecting with mustangs and other horses! There is much truth and reality in your work that I can use.

    Appreciatively, Rebecca Karlson

  1. Hi. I am going to keep this as brief as you habe patience for
    I suffer from anxiety and depression from when I remember about 10 yrs old. I am now nearly 60 and I haven’t changed much. Unfortunately. My last 30 years have been wrapped round horses. But my anxiety is taking over. I’m frightened to sit on my beloved horse. And I Dontk know why. I feel as tho I don’t deserve his trust. I have studied Parelli and he will run to me in field but I’m scared of his genuine nature of just being a horse. When do I know when I am the leader. I am not a natural leader. But I love my horse so does that mean I have to pretend to be strong. I also know. You can’t pretend with a horse. Goddammit.

    Sent from my iPhone

    • Janet, Thank you for the comment! It can be so hard to reach out about things like anxiety and depression. I have found in my life that horses are so powerful at helping us step past our limitations, but even with their help it is a journey and a process for sure. The course I have developed around Freedom Based Training is really all about accepting where we are, horse and human alike and working from there through our evolution of becoming stronger and better partners. You can’t pretend with a horse, but you can develop along with them and everyone’s life gets better because of it. Sending you all my best in the New Year! Elsa

  2. Thank you for this so true reminding : time is so valuable!

  3. Dear Elsa,

    I love your work and how you do it. I find your philosophies and experiments to be a continual inspiration. Just as I was about to write you and suggest that, if you are in Maui, you contact the Maui Youth Ranch when I discovered on their site that you are already there! Please say hello to Toni and Bubba for me. And all the mini’s that I spent three wonderful weeks getting to know a couple of years ago. You are a gift!

    Warmly, Avis Burnett

    On Tue, Nov 29, 2016 at 10:30 PM, Meditations on Equestrian Art wrote:

    > quietinmotion posted: “The Project: One Mustang directly off the range, > One Trainer, Many Students, Communication through body language, Tools used > only for safety, never to train. The Goal: To discover how far Equestrian > Art can be developed solely using body lang” >

    • Avis! Thank you! The Maui Youth Ranch is indeed a beautiful place and I feel so blessed to be a part of what goes on there!

  4. Hi Elsa, just finished watching your work with Kypo. I was thinking the other day about what kind of relationship we can have with horses. My first thought was that they are happy, fulfilled just being with each other horse next to horse, void of humans, like the wolves I hear in a distance at night from my parents house on Fidalgo Island. They roam and howl, survive as a group with little, I’m guessing human interaction. We have asked horses in the past not only to do things for us, but we needed them to survive, i.e take us from town to town, plow our fields, take us to war, aid us in fighting one another. We don’t need them to do these things for us anymore. We don’t need them to get our work done . But is the need for them still present? Or are they content like the group of wolves I hear, surviving on their own. Do we still need them to get through life? I see the need has changed like you and Kypo showed they can teach us how to be patient and give us a better understanding of how to get along in a group without dominating and still have leadership. Instead of asking/making them plow our fields, I see we are now asking them to teach us patience in our lives, to teach us to be leaders for other people in a passive way. But do they want to do this? Is this another task we are asking from them? Granted a much less demanding, and painless one. Do they feel the same satisfaction we feel when we help/better someone else’s life? I love the work you do, so inspiring, ground breaking, thought-provoking of how we can be better human beings. Catherine

    • Catherine, Your thoughts echo mine on the subject. I think all those questions are well worth asking. I think horses long for community just like we do. Building community that helps and betters all the members within it is an art form that I hope to keep contributing to. I do think when community is built well, horses thrive in helping and bettering the lives around them. I feel so fortunate this seems to be a mutual enjoyment we can thrive in together. 😉

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